Galena Gears up for Abra Project to be Top Lead Contender

While production isn’t expected to commence until 2021, Galena Mining predicts that its Abra lead project in Western Australia will be “globally significant.”

As Galena Mining (ASX:G1A) prepares for production at its Abra project, the company is predicting that the asset will become the fifth- or sixth-largest lead producer in the world.

Located in the Gascoyne region of Western Australia, a scoping study released last week shows that the project’s initial mine life sits at 11 years with opportunities for extension down the road.

According to Galena, Abra’s annual throughput will be 1 million tonnes annually with average grades of 9.7 percent lead and 15 g/t silver. Yearly production is set to come in at 91,000 tonnes of lead and 450,000 ounces of silver.

Galena considers Abra to be a “strongly cash generative operation” as market conditions for lead have seen strong upward movement. While the commodity has had an average price of US$0.97 a pound for the last 10 years, the average price rose to US$1.14 in June 2018.

Meanwhile, Abra’s average life-of-mine cash costs are US$0.46 per pound, and its all-in sustaining costs are set at US$0.56 per pound.

“This is an exciting long life, high margin and low capital project in a Tier-1 jurisdiction,” said Galena CEO Ed Turner. “Abra’s latest representative metallurgical test work demonstrates that it can produce a very high grade (74.5% lead and 140 g/t silver), high quality clean concentrate that is in high demand.”

The pre-production capital estimate for Abra resides at around AU$153 million with a payback period of 18 months. Galena estimates Abra’s average life-of-mine revenues will hit AU$251 million per year, with net cashflow from the third year of mine life onwards being close to AU$103 million per year.

Construction of the mine’s processing facility, which is set to cost AU$66 million, is scheduled to start in Q2 2020, with a 15-month window for commissioning. Initial material is expected to be mined in the first quarter of 2021.

The company’s next steps include completing a prefeasibility study in September, further infill drilling to convert inferred resource material to indicated later this year and obtaining contract terms for lead concentrate from potential buyers.

Galena’s share price was at AU$0.17 as of 2:42 p.m. EST on Wednesday (July 4).

Don’t forget to follow us @INN_Resource for real-time updates!

Securities Disclosure: I, Olivia Da Silva, hold no direct investment interest in any company mentioned in this article.

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WHAT'S IN STORE FOR THE RESOURCE SECTOR IN 2022?

The Investing News Network (INN) spoke with analysts, market watchers and insiders about which trends will impact this sector in the year ahead.
✓ Trends   ✓ Forecasts    ✓ Top Stocks



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an open-pit mine

As more emerging exploration companies and investors catch wind of this impressive mining jurisdiction, the Edmund Basin could become a hot spot for high-quality mineralization and commodities like precious and base metals.

Australia is often known for sunny skies and big waves across its golden coast. However, the country has always been an understated gem in mining for some of the world’s most sought-after commodities.

Silver, gold and other high-demand base metals can be found across the continent, with high concentrations in the country’s Western regions.

One of these emerging prospects is the Edmund Basin in Western Australia. Underexplored and situated in a highly attractive jurisdiction for mining, the basin presents a potential for base and precious metal mineralization and widespread discoveries for early-movers who take advantage of Australia’s next big mining exploration site.


The mining history of the Edmund Basin

Australia stands as the world’s largest producer of lithium and a global producer of gold, iron ore, lead, zinc and nickel. According to the International Trade Administration, one-third of its mines are located in Western Australia, with over 350 currently in operation country-wide. As an up-and-coming mining jurisdiction, the Edmund Basin leverages high-quality mineralization and economic potential that has been demonstrated by many other geographical prospects surrounding the landform.

In the 1960s and 1970s, basement rocks of Western Australia's Gascoyne region and the overlying sedimentary rocks of the Edmund Basin and neighbouring Collier Basin were first systematically mapped by the Geological Survey of Western Australia. This program produced 1:250,000 scale maps, explanatory notes and a number of early reports outlining the protracted tectonic history of this part of the Orogen.

Other significant mappings and exploration campaigns have outlined the basin’s half-graben architecture, which was formed by the normal reactivation of older basement faults and sutures during the latter part of the Mangaroon Orogeny. According to the most recent profiling programs, the Edmund Basin and the Collier Basin have geological structures and rock formation styles that have been divided into six informal depositional packages, each defined by basal unconformities or major marine flooding surfaces.

Despite extensive mapping and geological surveying, the Edmund Basin remains underexplored and ready for discovery.

Mineral resources and major players in the Edmund Basin

The Edmund Basin contains a wide range of mineral occurrences — including supergene manganese, lead, gold and phosphate — many of which have been associated with major crustal-scale faults.

One of the most notable prospects in the region is Western Australia's largest strata-bound lead-gold-copper-silver deposit, the Abra base metals project. Owned by the major Australian mining player Galena Mining (ASX:G1A), the company’s flagship project is located in the Gascoyne region of the country. Leveraging the low-risk, Tier 1 jurisdiction status of the area, the celebrated Abra base metals project presents promising discovery potential.

Current reports estimate that Abra carries JORC mineral resource estimates of 16.7 million tonnes (Mt) at 8.5 percent lead and 24 grams per tonne (g/t) silver in the Indicated category and Inferred estimates at 24.4 Mt at 6.5 percent lead and 14 g/t silver.

Another player taking advantage of the Edmund Basin’s underexplored history and potential mineral resources is Todd River Resources (ASX:TRT). The Australia-based resource company’s Pingandy base metal project covers 895 square kilometres within the Edmund Basin. The company has received one licence and applied for three more. As an emerging mining company, Todd River is focused on outcropping, sub-cropping and continued exploration efforts to uncover the full extent of what the Edmund Basin has to offer.

Changing tides for Edmund Basin exploration

The uniquely varied geological and structural make-up of Edmund and the adjacent Collier Basin has posed some challenges in discovery and exploration in the past. Reactivated basement structures, basin inversion by reverse transpression and deformations all point to interesting mineralized profiles, but without the tools to explore these characteristics more extensively, the packages of the Edmund Basin remain relevantly untouched.

Luckily, advancements in mining technology, surveying and mapping have led to significant strides in discovery, development and exploration capabilities. Research and technology companies like the Australian Centre for Field Robotics have introduced advanced gradiometer technology, robotics, 3D imaging and automated drilling, which can be used to get to the core of underexplored mining prospects like the Edmund Basin. With mining companies and technology giants collaborating, the sky’s the limit for highly prospective regions like Western Australia and assets like the Abra base metals project.

As more emerging exploration companies and investors catch wind of this impressive mining jurisdiction, Edmund Basin could become a hot spot for high-quality mineralization and commodities like precious and base metals. Investors should look to first-movers like Galena Mining, which is already making strides to advance its positioning in Western Australia with its secondary Jillawarra manganese and gold properties, to see why Edmund Basin presents exploration opportunities unique to the Gold Coast.

Takeaway

The Edmund Basin in Western Australia sits amongst some of the world’s most abundant base and precious metal prospects and operating mines but remains underexplored. First-movers like Galena Mining and Todd River Resources demonstrate the early-mover advantage in exploring such a highly prospective region. With advancements in mining technology and good mapping and geological research already established in the area, investors and exploration companies could see very positive mining and exploration opportunities across the Edmund Basin.

This INNspired article is sponsored by Galena Mining (ASX:G1A). This INNspired article provides information that was sourced by the Investing News Network (INN) and approved by Galena Mining in order to help investors learn more about the company. Galena Mining is a client of INN. The company’s campaign fees pay for INN to create and update this INNspired article.

This INNspired article was written according to INN editorial standards to educate investors.

INN does not provide investment advice and the information on this profile should not be considered a recommendation to buy or sell any security. INN does not endorse or recommend the business, products, services or securities of any company profiled.

The information contained here is for information purposes only and is not to be construed as an offer or solicitation for the sale or purchase of securities. Readers should conduct their own research for all information publicly available concerning the company. Prior to making any investment decision, it is recommended that readers consult directly with Galena Mining and seek advice from a qualified investment advisor.

G1A:AU

Rio Tinto Iron Ore Chief Executive, Simon Trott and Rio Tinto Managing Director of Port, Rail and Core Services, Richard Cohen, joined community members, local businesses and representatives from local government to celebrate the official opening of its new community ‘Hub’ in Karratha. Located on Ngarluma country in the heart of Karratha’s CBD, the new Rio Tinto Karratha Hub will make it easier for local …

Rio Tinto Iron Ore Chief Executive, Simon Trott and Rio Tinto Managing Director of Port, Rail and Core Services, Richard Cohen, joined community members, local businesses and representatives from local government to celebrate the official opening of its new community ‘Hub’ in Karratha.

Located on Ngarluma country in the heart of Karratha’s CBD, the new Rio Tinto Karratha Hub will make it easier for local people to connect with our busines.

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Galena Mining CEO Alexander Molyneux is confident that the company has more than one reason to welcome investors to the next phase of the program. 


After successfully completing the fully funded 2020 Abra drilling program, Galena Mining (ASX:G1A) CEO and Managing Director Alexander Molyneux is confident that the company has more than one reason to welcome investors to the next phase of the program.

“The program was successful in terms of infill drilling,” Molyneux said. “We can say that 75 percent of the 57 holes either met or exceeded expectations compared to the previous resource model. I think that’s pretty positive. In terms of targeting metal-rich zones, we had two zones where we found extremely good cumulative grade and thickness of lead-silver.”

The Abra base metals project is a globally significant lead-silver project located in the Gascoyne region of Western Australia. It is fully permitted and construction work has already begun.

“We are 15 months away from the first production. Once we’re producing at a steady state, we have a projection to make AU$114 million a year,” Molyneux said. “And when a company has already eliminated the funding risks, it’s an exciting time for investors to join the story.”

Watch the full interview with Galena Mining CEO and Managing Director Alexander Molyneux above.


This interview is sponsored by Galena Mining (ASX:G1A). This interview provides information which was sourced by the Investing News Network (INN) and approved by Galena Mining in order to help investors learn more about the company. Galena Mining is a client of INN. The company’s campaign fees pay for INN to create and update this interview.

INN does not provide investment advice and the information on this profile should not be considered a recommendation to buy or sell any security. INN does not endorse or recommend the business, products, services or securities of any company profiled.

The information contained here is for information purposes only and is not to be construed as an offer or solicitation for the sale or purchase of securities. Readers should conduct their own research for all information publicly available concerning the company. Prior to making any investment decision, it is recommended that readers consult directly with Galena Mining and seek advice from a qualified investment advisor.

Rio Tinto is progressing an innovative new technology to deliver low-carbon steel, using sustainable biomass in place of coking coal in the steelmaking process, in a potentially cost-effective option to cut industry carbon emissions. Over the past decade, Rio Tinto has developed a laboratory-proven process that combines the use of raw, sustainable biomass with microwave technology to convert iron ore to metallic …

Rio Tinto is progressing an innovative new technology to deliver low-carbon steel, using sustainable biomass in place of coking coal in the steelmaking process, in a potentially cost-effective option to cut industry carbon emissions.

Over the past decade, Rio Tinto has developed a laboratory-proven process that combines the use of raw, sustainable biomass with microwave technology to convert iron ore to metallic iron during the steelmaking process. The patent-pending process, one of a number of avenues the company is pursuing to try to lower emissions in the steel value chain, is now being further tested in a small-scale pilot plant.

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Galena Mining Ltd. (ASX: G1A) announces achievement of the key objectives from the 2020 Abra Drilling Program and has subsequently completed an updated JORC Code 2012 Mineral Resource estimate for the Abra Base Metals Project located in the Gascoyne region of Western Australia.

Galena Mining Ltd. (“Galena” or the “Company”) (ASX:G1A) announces achievement of the key objectives from the 2020 Abra Drilling Program and has subsequently completed an updated JORC Code 2012 Mineral Resource estimate (“April 2021 Resource”) for the Abra Base Metals Project (“Abra” or the “Project”) located in the Gascoyne region of Western Australia. The April 2021 Resource has been independently prepared by Optiro Pty Ltd (“Optiro”).

Managing Director, Alex Molyneux commented, “The objectives associated with the 2020 Abra Drilling Program were successfully completed. The Project now has over 100 kilometres of drilling in its database, and the geological confidence and understanding of the deposit continues to improve. Almost all of the new holes were drilled within the previous Mineral Resource envelope and over 75% of those holes achieved expected or better results. This Mineral Resource update will now feed into an optimised mine plan, and mine development will allow for underground drilling to continue Resource development, particularly the conversion of significant Inferred Mineral Resources associated with the Core Zone
mineralisation, which remains open in several directions and also hosts the interpreted copper-gold zone.”


Table 1 (below) states the Abra April 2021 Resource at a 5.0% lead cut-off grade.

2020 ABRA DRILLING PROGRAM AND OBJECTIVES

The completed 2020 Abra Drilling program included 57 drill-holes totalling 24,834 cumulative linear meters and was designed to achieve three specific objectives. These objectives were mainly focussed on the original Mineral Resource estimate and potential grade and continuity risk
of certain areas within that estimate, and they were:

(i) Lead-silver orebody infill drilling – Some infill drilling that had previously been planned to take place from underground once the decline was in place was pulled forward into the 2020 Abra Drilling Program. This aimed to further tighten the drill-hole spacing over the first four years of proposed production to 20 by 20 metres and up to 30 by 30 metres or better, compared with a more variable drilling density of up to 40 by 40 metres and up to 60 by 60 metres in that area previously.

(ii) Drilling into selected lead-silver ‘metal rich’ zones – Some drill-holes successfully targeted selected areas within the Abra lead-silver mineralisation where higher concentrations of metal (in both grade and thickness) were projected from previous drilling campaigns, in particular drill-hole AB147, which became the best high-grade lead-silver drill-hole ever at Abra, and the follow-up drill-holes that were added to the program in its vicinity (see Galena ASX announcements of 19 October 2020, 18 November 2020, 22 January 2021 and 24 February 2021).

(iii) Gold-copper exploration – Some of the drilling, in particular drill-hole AB195 (see Galena ASX announcement of 22 February 2021) successfully targeted the newly interpreted gold and copper drilling targets to the south and south east of the leadsilver mineralisation and at depth (see Galena ASX announcement of 29 June 2020).

The first two of these objectives enable the Company to optimise mine planning, which is now underway.

MINERAL RESOURCES

Geological model

Abra is located in the Gascoyne region of Western Australia within clastic and carbonate sediments of the Proterozoic Edmund Group. Abra is a base metals replacement-style deposit, where the primary economic metal is lead. Silver, copper, zinc and gold are also present within
the established lead mineralised zones but are of lower tenor.

Abra can be divided into two main parts, the upper “Apron Zone” and lower “Core Zone”.

The Apron Zone comprises stratiform massive and disseminated lead sulphide (galena), with minor copper sulphide (chalcopyrite) and zinc sulphide (sphalerite) mineralisation within the lower conglomerate unit (KCLC) of the Edmund Basin Kiangi Creek Formation and the Upper
Carbonate Unit (UID) of the Irregully Formation. The Apron Zone is characterised by flat-lying alteration zones containing jaspilite (Red Zone), barite (Barite Zone), silica-sericite (Micrite Zone), siderite and dolomite (Carbonate Zone), and haematite and magnetite (Black Zone). Distinct stratiform alteration domains can be defined within the Apron Zone and have assisted in the definition of the distribution of the lead mineralisation and construction of the lead mineralisation lodes. The Apron Zone extends for over 1,200 metres along strike and 750 metres down dip, dipping gently south.

For the full news release, click here.

Learn more about Galena Mining

G1A:AU
European Lithium Executive Chairman Tony Sage

European Lithium Executive Chairman Tony Sage said, “There's not one hydroxide plant in Europe, so we hope to be the first. Not only would we be able to source material from our own mine, but we may be able to source material in nearby areas.”

European Lithium Executive Chairman Tony Sage: Developing the 1st Lithium Hydroxide Plant in Europe youtu.be


European Lithium (ASX:EUR,FWB:PF8) Executive Chairman Tony Sage discussed the company’s Wolfsburg project in Austria, a country with a rich mining history dating back to WWII that maintains its infrastructure.

Wolfsburg continues that tradition, positioned only 45 kilometres from the city that hosts the largest Samsung battery factory.

"It’s quite unique. In Europe, a lot of the lithium mines are at the exploration stage," Sage said. "This mine was built back in the '80s by the Austrian government. So all the work has been done. If we were going to do this project today, we would have to get environmental approval and spend about $100 million — but they did all the work and the licence is in perpetuity.


“We can now access that mine and start mining immediately. In fact, in 2017, we mined it and took out 1,500 tonnes, which is a massive advantage in the lithium industry because we were able to build a pilot plant and put 300 tonnes of the material through the pilot plant, which gave us the results that we were looking for in that it's high-grade product.”

Sage also discussed European Lithium’s goals with the project. “Our aim is to mine it. It's a very simple mining process. We're in the process now of trying to acquire land nearby so we can actually put a conversion plant and a hydroxide plant on it. There's not one hydroxide plant in Europe, so we hope to be the first. Not only would we be able to source material from our own mine, but we may be able to source material in nearby areas.”

Sage told the Investing News Network that the government is supportive of its endeavours. “The Austrian government is very keen for us to build hydroxide plants so they can actually entice vehicle companies to build a factory nearby the hydroxide plant. This way, we can have a mine right through to the battery solution for the Austrian government. In the end, all we can do is get the mines up and operating, build the hydroxide plant and see what happens.”

The mine itself is underground. “Underground mining techniques are used all around the world. When they built it, they actually overbuilt — so when we decided to mine back in 2017, it was quite easy for us to find the seam of the orebody and then take the ore out," Sage said.

“We completed a prefeasibility study in 2018. The cost structure then was about US$7,500 per tonne to produce the hydroxide. Right now, the hydroxide price is around US$69,000 a tonne — that’s a massive profit margin that we don’t see as sustainable long term. When we do our definitive feasibility study, we're probably going to use an average price over the life of mine of about US$25,000 — but that's still a huge profit margin. That feasibility study is coming within the next four months, when we’ll be in a good position to partner with someone.”

Watch the full interview of European Lithium Executive Chairman Tony Sage above.

Disclaimer: This interview is sponsored by European Lithium (ASX:EUR,FWB:PF8). This interview provides information that was sourced by the Investing News Network (INN) and approved by European Lithium in order to help investors learn more about the company. European Lithium is a client of INN. The company’s campaign fees pay for INN to create and update this interview.

INN does not provide investment advice and the information on this profile should not be considered a recommendation to buy or sell any security. INN does not endorse or recommend the business, products, services or securities of any company profiled.

The information contained here is for information purposes only and is not to be construed as an offer or solicitation for the sale or purchase of securities. Readers should conduct their own research for all information publicly available concerning the company. Prior to making any investment decision, it is recommended that readers consult directly with European Lithium and seek advice from a qualified investment advisor.

This interview may contain forward-looking statements including but not limited to comments regarding the timing and content of upcoming work programs, receipt of property titles, etc. Forward-looking statements address future events and conditions and therefore involve inherent risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated in such statements. The issuer relies upon litigation protection for forward-looking statements. Investing in companies comes with uncertainties as market values can fluctuate.

EUR:AU
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The gold price is trading lower than some market watchers would prefer, but the top-performing ASX gold stocks so far this year are making leaps.

Click here to read the previous best ASX gold stocks article.

While 2021 was a disappointing year for gold, analysts are optimistic about the outlook for 2022.

The yellow metal passed the US$2,000 per ounce mark as tensions between Russia and Ukraine heated up, but has since pulled back to trade closer to US$1,800. However, diverse factors could combine to push it higher.

Demand for gold jewellery, gold bars and coins, and the metal’s use in the technology sector are still going strong, and supply is also a growing concern due to decreased gold exploration efforts in recent years.


Against this backdrop, many Australian gold stocks are doing well. And with the precious metal generally considered a safe investment, it's worth being aware of the county's top-performing companies.

Here the Investing News Network looks at the best ASX gold stocks of the year so far by year-to-date gains. The list of stocks below was generated on April 29, 2022, using TradingView’s stock screener, and all companies included had market caps over AU$30 million at that time.

1. Xantippe Resources

Year-to-date gain: 180 percent; market cap: AU$107.3 million; current share price: AU$0.01

Xantippe Resources (ASX:XTC) is focused on Western Australia's Southern Cross region, which is widely known for its past gold production. The precious metals explorer's Southern Cross project is made up of 20 prospecting licences and six exploration licences, and holds a number of key priority targets.

In late April, Xantippe confirmed the acquisition of lithium tenements in Argentina with the hope of commencing exploration activities in the third quarter.

2. Minrex Resources

Year-to-date gain: 55.81 percent; market cap: AU$63.05 million; current share price: AU$0.07

Minrex Resources’ (ASX:MRR) assets include five gold and base metals projects in Western Australia, four of which are in the mineral-rich East Pilbara region.

The company started off the year with high-grade gold drill results from its work at the Queenslander gold prospect within its Sofala project. The prospect is centred around the past-producing Queenslander mine.

3. Aston Minerals

Year-to-date gain: 38.1 percent; market cap: AU$164.19 million; current share price: AU$0.15

Gold and nickel-cobalt explorer Aston Minerals (ASX:ASO) is moving forward at its Edleston gold project, located in the Cadillac-Larder Lake fault zone of Canada's Abitibi greenstone belt. Edleston is its flagship asset, and according to the company, it is the first in over a decade to drill in this area.

Aston continues to focus on gold at Edleston, but its Boomerang nickel-cobalt target has come to the forefront in recent months, with the company announcing the results of its maiden hole there in early December.

Don’t forget to follow us @INN_Australia for real-time updates!

Securities Disclosure: I, Marlee John, currently hold no direct investment interest in any company mentioned in this article.

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